Infantile enterocolitis & monogenic inflammatory bowel diseaseGene: IFIH1
IFIH1 encodes MDA5, a key cystolic sensor for viral nucleic acids. Rare, likely loss-of-functions IFIH1 variants identified in eight independent probands with Very Early Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease (VEOIBD) from a combined cohort of 42 children. IFIH1 variants were significantly enriched in children with VEOIBD as compared to controls (p=0.007).
In one case of neonatal-onset IBD, a homozygous truncating variant was identified. There were seven carriers of LoF variants identified (range of onset 6 months to 6 years of age). In three of these cases, a second hypomorphic missense variant was identified.
Luciferase reporter assays were employed to assess MDA5 activity. In some cases, the second missense variant was either proven to not affect protein function or was in cis with the LoF variant.
Complete and partial MDA5 deficiency is associated with VEOIBD with variable penetrance and expressivity, suggesting a role for impaired intestinal viral sensing in IBD pathogenesis.
Created: 13 Sep 2021, 8:09 a.m.
Mode of inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
gene: IFIH1 was added gene: IFIH1 was added to Infantile enterocolitis & monogenic inflammatory bowel disease. Sources: Literature Mode of inheritance for gene: IFIH1 was set to MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted Publications for gene: IFIH1 were set to 34185153 Phenotypes for gene: IFIH1 were set to Inflammatory Bowel Disease Review for gene: IFIH1 was set to GREEN